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The Dormouse Hollow


Dormouse Biology

General Biology: Gliridae


Dormice (Gliridae, Rodentia, Mammalia)

Genus HYPNOMYS Bate, 1919
Balearic Dormice

There are two species, both now extinct (E. Anderson 1984; Kurten 1968):

  • H. morphaeus: Mallorca in the Balearic Islands (western Mediterranean);
  • H. mahonensis: Menorca in the Balearic lslands.
  • Holden (in Wilson and Reeder 1993) listed Hypnomys as a synonym of Eliomys. According to Kurten (1968), H. morphaeus was about as large as Myoxus and H. mahonensis was intermediate in size to Myoxus and Leitha Lydekker, 1896. Leitha was a giant dormouse about the size of a hamster, known from the middle and late Pleistocene of Malta and Sicily. Both species of Hypnomys survived the Pleistocene but subsequently disappeared. Extinction apparently came about 4,000-5,000 years ago and was associated with ecological disturbances caused by the spread of people and their domestic livestock across the Balearic Islands (P. S. Martin 1984; Vigne 1987).

    Information taken from: Nowak, R.M. (Ed.). Walker's Mammals of the World. 6th Edition. The John Hopkins University Press. Baltimore and London, 1999.


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